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PhD position - Study and mitigation of ionomer degradation in PEMFC electrodes by combining electrochemistry and Operando Neutron/X-Ray characterizations
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JOB DETAILS
Published: 8 days ago
Application deadline: Oct 31
Location: Grenoble, France
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PhD position - Study and mitigation of ionomer degradation in PEMFC electrodes by combining electrochemistry and Operando Neutron/X-Ray characterizations

SL-DRT-19-0638

RESEARCH FIELD

Physical chemistry and electrochemistry

ABSTRACT

Despite huge improvements in the past decade, advances in the performance and durability of PEMFC are still necessary for them to compete with existing technologies. The proton conducting ionomer, contained in the electrodes of PEMFC, is conjectured to be one of the major causes in performance losses. Few studies have been carried out on this ionomer within the electrodes because of the difficulty in characterizing its distribution and properties. Thus, the degradation mechanisms of the ionomer during operation, highly dependent on water content, are still largely hypothetical but believed to lead to modifications of its distribution, chemical and physical structure, transport properties and its contamination by cations. In this PhD, we wish to elucidate the mechanisms by coupling electrochemical and microstructural characterizations with in-situ and operando experiments using Neutrons (ILL) and X-Ray probes (ESRF, SOLEIL), furthermore including accelerated aging tests to simultaneously correlate performance degradation and local modifications of the materials. Specifically, the structure of the ionomer will be investigated by SANS and the water content in the electrodes using neutron radiography. As a result of these investigations we also aim at improving durability of PEMFC by tuning the composition of the electrodes or proposing more appropriate operating strategies as two kinds of mitigation pathways which will be validated towards selected ageing protocols. Achieving these goals is essential for the widespread adoption of PEMFC in clean transportation systems.

LOCATION

Département de l’Electricité et de l’Hydrogène pour les Transports (LITEN)

Laboratoire Analyse électrochimique et Post mortem

Grenoble

CONTACT PERSON

ESCRIBANO Sylvie

CEA

DRT/DEHT//LAP

CEA Grenoble17 rue des martyrs38054 Grenoble Cedex 9

Phone number: +33438789406

Email: sylvie.escribano@cea.fr

UNIVERSITY / GRADUATE SCHOOL

Grenoble INP

IMEP2: Ingénierie - Matériaux - Environnement - Energétique - Procédés - Production

START DATE

Start date on 01-10-2019

THESIS SUPERVISOR

MORIN Arnaud

CEA

DRT/DEHT//LCP

CEA/Grenoble17 rue des Martyrs38054 Grenoble Cedex 9

Phone number: 0438785986

Email: arnaud.morin@cea.fr

« The age limit is 26 years for PhD offers and 30 years old for post-doc offers. »

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